Frailty and its associations with geriatric syndromes, among older adults in Western mexico

Autores: Oliva Armas Gerardo, Asencio del Real Gabriela, Fraga Ávila Claudia, Van Dick Puga Miguel Ángel, Leal Mora David, Díaz Ramos Julio Alberto

Resumen

Background: Demographic aging has led to an increase in the prevalence of different diseases, including the so-called geriatric syndromes (GS). Frailty is a clinical syndrome characterized by a lack of effective response to stressors due to a decline in physiological reserve, and their presence was associated with negative outcomes. The association between GS and the status of frailty is not yet clear. However, an effective strategy for the diagnosis of GS is the comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA). Objectives: The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of frailty and its associations between GS in outpatient older adults in Western Mexican older adults. Methods: A cross-sectional study in participants aged 60 or older recruited between September 2016 and April 2017. Participants underwent a CGA, with which the diagnosis of frailty and GS was obtained. A multivariate linear regression analysis was determined to establish the association between CGA scores (disability, cognitive impairment, depression, and malnutrition) and frailty scores (FS). Results: We included 112 subjects; mean age was 79 years (standard deviation = ± 8), women accounted for 62%. Overall, 33% were frailty. After adjustment, linear regression analyzes showed that baseline CGA model explained 56% of the variance in the dependent variable (FS) (p <0.005). Conclusions: This study showed that the prevalence of frailty is higher in Western Mexican elders. The combination of CGA scores can explain the 56% of the variation in the dependent variable (FS). This result suggests that the CGA can provide relevant information of health in the Western Mexican older adults.

Palabras clave: frailty geriatric syndrome mexico older adult.

2018-05-23   |   850 visitas   |   Evalua este artículo 0 valoraciones

Vol. 4 Núm.1. Enero-Junio 2018 Pags. 8-12 J Lat Am Geriatric Med 2018; 4(1)