Validation of the frontal assessment battery in Mexican older adults with cognitive impairment

Autores: Mimenza Alvarado Alberto J, Duarte Flores J Octavio, Gutiérrez Gutiérrez Lidia A, Suing Ortega Ma José, Aguilar Navarro Sara G

Resumen

Background: Cognitive impairment (CI) can produce frontal dysfunction. Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) is a brief cognitive and behavioral battery. Objectives: The objective of the study was to validate the FAB in Mexican older adults with CI. Methods: This was a observational, cross-sectional, and comparative study. It included 90 participants: Dementia (n = 30), Mild CI (MCI) (n = 30), and Cognitively Healthy (n = 30). The neuropsychological battery included Neuropsi, MoCA-E, and FAB. The categorical variables were reported in proportions and percentages, and the continuous in mean and standard deviation. ANOVA was used for continuous variables and Chi-square for categorical variables. Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient (CC) was calculated. Yield was established by Receiver Operating Characteristic and Area Under the Curve (AUC) calculation. Results: The mean age was 76.2 ± 7.2 years, 63.3% women (n = 57). Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.71. FAB obtained positive and strong CC for Neuropsi (r = 0.617, p < 0.05) and total MoCA-E (r = 0.795, p < 0.05). The dementia AUC was 0.80 (95% CI, 0.70-0.89; p < 0.001) with a cutoff point of ≤ 14 (sensitivity 73% and specificity 70%). The AUC of MCI was 0.74 (95% CI, 0.61-0.86; p = 0.001) with a cutoff point of ≤ 16 (sensitivity 83.3% and specificity 63.3%). Conclusions: FAB is a valid tool in Mexican older adults with CI.

Palabras clave: Frontal assessment cognitive impairment frontal assessment battery frontal dysfunction

2021-07-21   |   63 visitas   |   Evalua este artículo 0 valoraciones

Vol. 7 Núm.1. Enero-Junio 2021 Pags. 29-35 J Lat Am Geriatric Med 2021; 7(1)