Quality of life in elderly adults with infarct code in cardiac rehabilitation

Autores: Negrete Cruz Alicia M, Gómez García Jesús A, Aguilar Méndez Eder E, Botello López Roxela, Guzmán Delgado Nancy Elena

Resumen

Introduction: Ischemic heart disease, the leading cause of death in this age group, increases dependency and disability. Cardiac rehabilitation reduces hospital readmissions, morbidity, and mortality and improves function and quality of life (QoL). Few studies on older Mexicans have analyzed the impact of cardiac rehabilitation on the perception of QoL. Objectives: The aim is to compare the initial and final measurements of QoL of cardiac rehabilitation therapy in older adults using the infarct code program. Materials and methods: This is an analytical cross-sectional study. Patients ≥ 60 years of the Infarct Code program who completed Cardiac Rehabilitation during 2018-2021, with initial and final measurements of the Velasco del Barrio instrument, were included. Demographic variables, comorbidities, and physical improvement were also documented. The analyses were performed using descriptive and inferential statistical methods. Results: A total of 143 patients were included in this study, 80% of male, with a median age of 67 years. Arterial hypertension (71%) and diabetes mellitus (52%) were the primary comorbidities. The initial metabolic equivalent of task was 5 ± 1.7 versus the final 7.3 ± 2. Regarding the instrument applied, 18% had an excellent QoL, 78% were good, and 3.5% were intermediate. Finally, 75% had an excellent QoL, and 25% had a good QoL, with statistical significance. Conclusions: Older patients who completed the cardiac rehabilitation program had improved QoL in all dimensions.

Palabras clave: Older adults cardiac rehabilitation quality of life

2023-07-19   |   129 visitas   |   Evalua este artículo 0 valoraciones

Vol. 9 Núm.1. Enero-Junio 2023 Pags. 023-028 J Lat Am Geriatric Med 2023; 9(1)