Resumen

Objective: Describe the nutritional status of older adults hospitalized in geriatrics and analyze the rate of nutritional intervention. Method: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study. Patients hospitalized during the year 2022 were included. Nutritional status was assessed using the mini nutritional assessment short-form (MNA-SF) and mini nutritional assessment (MNA) scales, along with other clinical variables. Results: A total of 330 patients were included. The mean age was 87.8 years, with 51.8% being females. Total dependence (Barthel Index < 20) was present in 51.8% of cases. Ambulation with a walker was observed in 24.2% of patients, whereas 55.2% were immobile. Cognitive impairment was present in 55.8% of cases and dysphagia in 41.2%. Using the MNA-SF, the mean score was 6.21 points, with 70.6% classified as malnourished, 27.6% at risk of malnutrition, and 1.8% with normal nutritional status. With the MNA, the mean score was 13 points, with 73.6% classified as malnourished, 23.6% at risk of malnutrition, and 2.7% with good nutritional status. Nutritional intervention was implemented in 60% of cases, involving dietary adaptation (54.5%) and oral nutritional supplements (45.5%). Conclusion: The proportion of individuals classified as malnourished far exceeds those at risk of malnutrition or having normal nutritional status. Nutritional intervention was conducted in over half of the cases.

Palabras clave: Nutrition elderly malnutrition hospitalized

2024-02-07   |   21 visitas   |   Evalua este artículo 0 valoraciones

Vol. 9 Núm.2. Julio-Diciembre 2023 Pags. 35-39 J Lat Am Geriatric Med 2023; 9(2)